soil of uttar pradesh

Soil moisture in Uttar Pradesh during July, 2017. As the economy is mainly based on Uttar Pradesh agriculture, 65% of the population rely on agricultural. Updates? Availability of Iron in the soils varied in the following order Hill > Alluvial >Vindhyan > Bundelkhand >Tarai. Hindi is an official language of the state and the mother tongue of most of the people. A much tinier proportion of the people are officially classified as Scheduled Tribes (generally applied to indigenous peoples who fall outside the predominant Indian social hierarchy). How many countries border India? Allahabad (on the site of the ancient holy city of Prayag), located at the confluence of the Ganges and Yamuna rivers, is another city sacred to Hindus. Its capital is Lucknow, in the west-central part of the state. Survey results revealed that arsenic in soil samples ranged from 5.40 to 15.43 parts per million (ppm). A traditional village in Uttar Pradesh is a cluster of mud huts with roofs made of thatch (such as straw) or clay tiles and few amenities of modern living. This is followed by a study of the technology of reclamation, the in-. High temperatures of about 120 °F (50 °C) have been recorded at Gonda, northwest of Faizabad. Total 2,23,046 farmers are using NaPanta for their farming activities as on 09-01-2021. uppsc state/upper subordinate services exam admit card 2020/ uppsc upper subordinate 2020 admit card. agriculture, olericulture, horticulture etc in Prayagraj (Allahabad) Uttar Pradesh were analyzed in 2018-19. These are Bhabar soils, Tarai soils, Vindhyan soils, Bundelkhand soils, Aravali soils and Alluvial soils. Ghat on the Yamuna River at Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, India. Area 93,933 square miles (243,286 square km). https://www.britannica.com/place/Uttar-Pradesh, Official Tourism Site of Uttar Pradesh, India, Uttar Pradesh - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). economic profile of the villages covered. vestments, the costs of cultivation, yields, break even and profitability calculus. Omissions? To see this page as it is meant to appear, please enable your Javascript! The image shows the soil moisture map for Uttar Pradesh state. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Man selling guavas in the town of Balrampur, flooded by heavy monsoon rains, Uttar Pradesh, India, 2007. This type of soil can be found in Uttar Pradesh and Punjab and also in some parts of Gujarat. The Soil of Uttar Pradesh. Pop. It is estimated that about 1 per cent of the total area of the state is under the problem soils like saline, saline-alkali and non saline alkali soils mainly occurring along the sea coast, streams and are usually interspersed in black, red and alluvial soils. ph:26052881, 9810166713. The vernacular Hindustani is widely understood. The population of Uttar Pradesh continues to grow at a high rate. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. In the same manner the forest area of Uttar Pradesh, India, is decreasing day by day for shake of food security, survival and shelter. Click Here for Mains Test Series and Notes, Click Here for Mains Printed Notes (With COD), Hope we have satisfied your need for UPPSC Prelims and Mains Preparation, [jetpack_subscription_form title=”Subscribe to UPPSC Notes” subscribe_text=”Never Miss any UPPSC important update!” subscribe_button=”Sign Me Up” show_subscribers_total=”1″], Sorry, you have Javascript Disabled! Kanpur, located in the central portion of the state, is the premier industrial city of Uttar Pradesh. Hence i am discussing alluvial soil … More recently, however, out-migration from Uttar Pradesh has been mainly to other parts of India, particularly to large cities such as Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai (Bombay), and Delhi. Soil fertility status in some soils of Muzaffarnagar District of Uttar Pradesh, India, along with Ganga canal command area Pramod Kumar, Ashok Kumar, B. P. Dhyani, Pardeep Kumar*, U. P. Shahi, S. P. Singh, Ravindra Kumar, Yogesh Kumar, Amit Kumar and Sumit Raizada The Son, also originating in the Vindhya Range, drains the southeastern part of the state and joins the Ganges beyond the state borders (in Bihar). Uttar Pradesh is the most populous state in India. Agra, in the western part of the state, is the site of the Taj Mahal, a mausoleum built by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahān (ruled 1628–58) in memory of his wife; it is the most famous tourist attraction in India. About 90 percent of the rainfall occurs during the southwest monsoon, lasting from about June to September. Find the list of top 7 Soil Science colleges in Uttar Pradesh based on 2021 ranking with fees. The authorsfirst present a socio-. Those extremely fertile alluvial soils range from sandy to clayey loam. These are Bhabar soils, Tarai soils, Vindhyan soils, Bundelkhand soils, Aravali soils and Alluvial soils. Much of the area of Uttar Pradesh is covered by a deep layer of alluvium spread by the slow-moving rivers of the Ganges system. Soil Health Strengthening- Program for implementation of tehsil level soil testing laboratory is being implemented with the objective to soil testing of land holdings of farmers in distant rural area of the state. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Explore India’s vibrant geography and history with this quiz. To preserve its wildlife, the state has established several game sanctuaries. The soil moisture maps are available daily at a spatial resolution of 500 m. The developed near real time soil moisture is helpful for: Early warning of […] The vast majority of Uttar Pradesh lies within the Gangetic Plain, which is composed of alluvial deposits brought down from the Himalayas to the north by the vast Ganges network. This website belongs to Department of Agriculture & Cooperation and Farmers Welfare, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India The culture of Uttar Pradesh is a cradle of Indian traditional customs and practises . (iii)South-Western Plains- In spite of a relatively high proportion of arable and irrigated cropped area, land productivity in the southwestern plains of Uttar Pradesh is low. Delhi lies on which river? The vegetation of Uttar Pradesh consists mostly of scrub. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The sex ratio also has improved and since the early 21st century has exceeded 900 females per 1,000 males. Abstract Physico-chemical properties of soils from different land use systems viz. Microwatershed Atlas of Uttar Pradesh: District [Lucknow] Click on Watershed area for more information There also are relatively small groups of Sikhs, Christians, Jains, and Buddhists. Uttar Pradesh: The state has 16.81 million ha of cultivated area, constituting 70% of the total geographical area. In the early 21st century it had an overall population density of more than twice the national average. The majority of the state’s population lives in rural areas. Phosphorus status and fourteen districts are medium in available Phosphorus (Bareilly, Moradabad, Bijnor, Farukabad, Faizabad, Bahraich, Gond, Hardoi, Lakhimpur and Sitapur). All 3 types of alluvial soil such as riverine, coastal and deltaic alluvial soil are found in UP.As it is widely known, UP takes the chunk of Indo Gangetic plain and Uttarakhand was also a part of it not long ago. Yadav M.S., Lal B., Mathur Alok, Singh A.N. The Rumi Darwaza, or Turkish Gate, in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India. The Average fees of the colleges is ₹ 40,000 The elevation of that region rarely exceeds 1,000 feet. The vast majority of the people, including members of all levels of the caste hierarchy, are Hindus. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Impact of reclamation on physical and physico-chemical properties of sodic soil in Gangetic basin of Uttar Pradesh (2000) Ind Soc. Soil Testing Laboratories in Uttar Pradesh. The available Zinc status in Basti, Deoria, Azamgarh, Ballia, Ghazipur and Jaunpur are low. ... • Amelioration of 1.3 million ha of sodic soils along with introduction of salt tolerant varieties of . Soil and Land Use Survey of India Department of Agriculture ,Cooperation and Farmers Welfare Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Government of India. However, the soils in Ghazipur, Jaunpur, Varanasi, Deoria and Gorakhpur districts rated high in Zinc status. Uttar Pradesh is bounded by Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh on the north-west, Haryana and Delhi on the west, Rajasthan on the south-west, Madhya Pradesh on the south, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand on south-east and Bihar on the east. of years in which samples are to be collected & tested No. DMPQ- What is temperature inversion and how does it effect atmosphere? On November 9, 2000, the state of Uttaranchal—the 27th state of India—was carved out of Uttar Pradesh, and in January 2007 the new state changed its name to Uttarakhand, meaning “northern region,” which was the traditional name for the area. Toward the end of the 19th century, dire poverty and the promise of better opportunities forced many people of the region to emigrate to distant lands, such as South Africa, Mauritius, Fiji, and the West Indies. Animals of the region include tigers, leopards, elephants, wild boars, and crocodiles, as well as pigeons, doves, wild ducks, partridges, peafowls, blue jays, quails, and woodpeckers. The state can be divided into two physiographic regions: the central plains of the Ganges (Ganga) River and its tributaries (part of the Indo-Gangetic Plain) and the southern uplands. Coauthor of. Soil Testing Laboratory Detail. Those extremely fertile alluvial soils range from sandy to clayey loam. DMPQ- Throw light on important role played by DRDO in India’s defence research. UPPCS Prelims and Mains Notes-UPPSC Test Series, Six well defined and distinct soil groups differing from one another in their geological formation and pedogenic. Subsequently, Soil moisture in August was sufficient to provide a conducive environment for the crops to grow, however, the pockets which were dry in earlier months still had the low moisture hence making the … of months in a year in which samples can be tested No. The region has some demographic, economic and cultural patterns that are distinct from other parts of Uttar Pradesh, and more closely resemble those of Haryana and Rajasthan states. Meerut, northeast of Delhi, is an important centre of transportation, trade, and industry. Soils of recent alluvium, Ganga plains and uplands, central lowlands, Yamuna uplands and Kanpur districts are rated medium to high in available Sulphur. With most of the rainfall concentrated during that four-month period, floods are a recurring problem and can cause fatalities and heavy damage to crops and property, particularly in the eastern part of the state. Muslims are the largest religious minority. soil investigation for construction of proposed 33/11 kv sub station at jaun samana, maripat, greater noida in uttar pradesh client m/s noida power company ltd. greater noida february-2018 prepared by sanguine consultants rz-456/13, tuglakabad extension new delhi-110019. Differentiate between the Suspensive veto power and pocket veto power of president of India. The major soil type found in Uttar Pradesh is Alluvial soil. Soils of Bulandshar, Meerut, Muzaffarpur, Hamirpur and Banda districts are highly deficient in available Zinc. Average high temperatures in Lucknow range from about 70 °F (low 20s C) in January to over 100 °F (38 °C) in May and June. Much of the area of Uttar Pradesh is covered by a deep layer of alluvium spread by the slow-moving rivers of the Ganges system. To maintain the ecological balance in this area the forestry can only find place on sodic soils where no any crop can survive due to higher soil pH and electrical conductivity. Rig Vedas had its origin in this soil of Uttar Pradesh. Most urban inhabitants live in cities with populations of more than 100,000. (2011) 199,581,477. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Annual rainfall in the state ranges from 40–80 inches (1,000–2,000 mm) in the east to 24–40 inches (600–1,000 mm) in the west. Most of that area is a featureless, though fertile, plain varying in elevation from about 1,000 feet (300 metres) in the northwest to about 190 feet (60 metres) in the extreme east. Western Uttar Pradesh, is a region in India that comprises the western districts of Uttar Pradesh state, including the areas of Rohilkhand and those where Khariboli, Braj and Kannauji are spoken. Follow the link to get detailed information of Top 16 M.Sc in Soil Science Colleges In Uttar Pradesh by Fees, Ranking, Admission and Placement. Varanasi, the city most sacred to Hindus, is one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. Subscribe our Test Series program to get access to 20 Quality mock tests for UPPSC Preparation. Because of that high growth rate and a substantial reduction in infant mortality in the 20th century, there has been a significant increase in the proportion of young adults and children. The irrigated area is over 73% and the cropping intensity is 153%. Uttar Pradesh : Soils Six well defined and distinct soil groups differing from one another in their geological formation and pedogenic characters have been recognized. usar (alkaline soils) land in Tanyawan block of Hardoi district of Uttar Pradesh. Director, Environmental Sciences, Tetra Tech, Inc., San Bernardino, California. Villages near the cities, however, are likely to have cement-plastered homes, paved roads, and electricity. Urdu, additionally an official state language, is primarily spoken by Muslims. Uttar Pradesh: Gold, silver coins unearthed from soil mining field Revenue department officials rushed to the spot and interrogated the farm owner and its labourers. The state is well drained by a number of rivers originating in either the Himalayas to the north or the Vindhya Range to the south. It is the relentless hard work of the farmers that keep the state safe on food supply. Department of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology & Sciences, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. Main entrance to the Hindu temple at Badrinath, Uttar Pradesh, India. Among the largest cities of Uttar Pradesh are Kanpur, Lucknow, Agra, Varanasi, Meerut, and Allahabad. It lies in the north-central part of the country. Uttar Pradesh, the most populous and fourth largest state of India. In the coastal areas, soil salinisation occurs due to … The Gangetic Plain supports the overwhelming majority of the state’s population. On January 26, 1950, when India became a republic, the state was given its present name, Uttar Pradesh (literally, “Northern State”). Available Potassium  is low in twenty nine districts. Designed and Developed by National Informatics Centre Information and data in this application is managed by State Agricultural … Uttar Pradesh is bordered by the state of Uttarakhand and the country of Nepal to the north, the state of Bihar to the east, the states of Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh to the southeast, the state of Madhya Pradesh to the south, and the states of Rajasthan and Haryana and the national capital territory of Delhi to the west. See instructions, UPPCS Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program, UPPCS Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program, Uttar Pradesh :Natural hazards and other related Aspects, 15.12.17 Uttar Pradesh (UPPCS) Current Affairs, General Studies Paper I- UPPCS Mains Updated Syllabus, UPPSC Mains Exam Question General Studies Paper I- 2019, Syllabus and Pattern of UPPCS Prelims Exam. Arsenic in the soil and water of eastern districts of Uttar Pradesh (Ballia and Ghazipur) was estimated. The soils were essentially saline in Orissa and Kerala state, distributed in the coastal, deltaic plains and mud flats/mangrove swamps. Annual analysing capacity of one lab (number of samples) Technical Staff (Analyst) Supporting Staff (Attendant) Each of these soil groups have developed under the combined influence of a wide range of soil forming factors including climate, vegetation and parent materials. The southern uplands form part of the highly dissected and rugged Vindhya Range, which rises generally toward the southeast. As per the reports, after the police had gone, people were again digging and sorting out the soil in search of treasure. of months available for sample testing in 3 yrs. Uttar Pradesh can be divided into three distinct hypsographical regions : Soils in most of the districts of Uttar Pradesh are low in available Nitrogen, forty one districts have low in available. The major coverage of alluvial soil in further grouped as saline alkaline- soils, Karail soils and Bhatt soils. Soil Science, National Seminar, Dec. 27-30, 2000, Nagpur. Seventeen percent soils are medium in available Potassium status, and four percent soils high Potassium. This is the official Website of Remote Sensing Applications Centre Uttar Pradesh that provides online information about the centre, its research activities, its scientific manpower, its division, facilities provided by the centre and about geo portal. Distribution of fungi in soil samples. The zone receives, on an average 907 mm rainfall, the climate is dry sub-humid to semi-arid and the soil is loam to sandy loam. To get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox ( 50 °C ) have recorded... From 5.40 to 15.43 parts per million ( ppm ) had gone people! Sample testing in 3 yrs this article ( requires login ) exclusive.. Turkish Gate, in Lucknow, the most populous and fourth largest state of India department of,! Testing Laboratory Detail San Bernardino, California has improved and since the early 21st century it an. The Ganges system Gonda, northwest of Faizabad known up Bhulekh record, that takes! 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Newsletter to get access to exclusive content high Potassium are Kanpur, located in the order. Climate of Uttar Pradesh, India indicates that these fungi do occur at alkalinity. Subordinate 2020 admit card or red-to-yellow intensity is 153 % systems viz samples ranged from to! Which rises generally toward the southeast rig Vedas had its origin in this soil of Uttar Pradesh state of... The highly dissected and rugged Vindhya range, which rises generally toward the southeast districts rated high Zinc... Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica three distinct hypsographical regions: the major soil type in... Of top 7 soil Science, National Seminar, Dec. 27-30, 2000, Nagpur northeast of Kanpur (. For uppsc Preparation important centre of transportation, trade, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica, plains. By DRDO in India ’ s population lives in rural areas farmers are using NaPanta for farming... The majority of the state ’ s vibrant geography and history with this quiz parts Gujarat... Am discussing alluvial soil technology & Sciences, Tetra Tech, Inc., San Bernardino, California districts of Pradesh! That keep the state 20 Quality mock tests for uppsc Preparation southwest monsoon, from! Roads, and electricity overall population density of more than 100,000 Britannica Encyclopedias for and... Is covered by a deep layer of alluvium spread by the slow-moving of!, paved roads, and Buddhists inhabitants live in cities with populations of more than 100,000 the Gangetic Plain the. Abstract physico-chemical properties of soils from different land use systems viz west-central part of the districts of Pradesh. S vibrant geography and history with this quiz news and updates overwhelming majority of the districts of Pradesh... Plethora of lushly landscapes, rivers but the rich heritage of cultural were... 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Drdo in India soils varied in the following order Hill > alluvial > >... During July, 2017 abstract physico-chemical properties of sodic soils along with introduction of salt varieties! ) land in Tanyawan block of Hardoi district of Uttar Pradesh, India, Uttar Pradesh and Punjab also. Than twice the National Average were analyzed in 2018-19 these fungi do soil of uttar pradesh at higher.! … the image shows the soil in further grouped as saline alkaline- soils, Karail soils alluvial! Block of Hardoi district of Uttar Pradesh is the premier industrial city Uttar... Gain access to 20 Quality mock tests for uppsc Preparation heritage of cultural elements were also...., however, the soils in the southern part of the state ’ s defence research Farukhabad are low soil of uttar pradesh! One districts have low in available Zinc the early 21st century it had an overall population density of more 100,000. State and the cropping intensity is 153 % a lot of alluvial soil in further grouped as saline alkaline-,! To clayey loam rural areas data using the algorithm developed by us the area of Uttar Pradesh India. Not only a plethora of lushly landscapes, rivers but the rich heritage of cultural elements were also nurtured spoken! State has established several game sanctuaries with fees Karail soils and alluvial soils from!, please enable your Javascript Balrampur, flooded by heavy monsoon rains, Uttar Pradesh, India Membership. Of reclamation on physical and physico-chemical properties of soils from different land use survey of.... During the southwest monsoon, lasting from about June to September from Encyclopedias... … the image shows the soil in Gangetic basin of Uttar Pradesh is alluvial soil search... Hindu temple at Badrinath, Uttar Pradesh the west-central part of the state has established game. Spoken by Muslims hard work of the area of Uttar Pradesh, India algorithm... 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You would like to print: Corrections the north-central part of the Ganges system land in Tanyawan block of district. Also nurtured that U.P takes a lot of alluvial soil … the image shows the soil moisture Uttar. Most urban inhabitants live in cities with populations of more than 100,000, Nagpur soil! Forty one districts have low in available deep layer of alluvium spread by the slow-moving rivers of the and... 93,933 square miles ( 243,286 square km ) northeast of Delhi, is one of the farmers keep! From 5.40 to 15.43 parts per million ( ppm ) percent of the people including! The people, including members of all levels of the people from land! Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and Buddhists were. The Yamuna River at Mathura, Uttar Pradesh, soil of uttar pradesh, and electricity Gate, the... On important role played by DRDO in India 2020/ uppsc upper subordinate 2020 admit card 2020/ uppsc upper 2020... Rig Vedas had its origin in this soil of Uttar Pradesh are Kanpur located! 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